Sunday, December 10, 2017

Zheng He - the Chinese Muslim Admiral

The Beijing Olympic Games started on Friday 8 August 2008 with a dramatic opening ceremony featuring a cast of thousands performers that celebrated the arts and achievements of China's long history. Among the tremendous events narrated by the ceremony was the evokation of Zheng He, the Chinese Muslim admiral of the 15th century. Blue-robed oarsman enacted seafarers travelling between Southeast Asia and the coast of Fujian, in southern China. Their oars became sails, painted with the "treasure ships" of Zheng He who reached Africa in the Ming Dynasty. On this occasion, we republish the following short outline of Zhen He's life and achievement.


Saturday, December 9, 2017

Welcome to the course - Winter 2017-18 – China and the Middle East (WEEK -1): Readings, Newspaper articles, and Documentaries

China and The Middle East
Thursday 13:00 – 16:30
101 Graduate School, East Campus

Dear all, 

Welcome to the China and the Middle East class. I am your instructor for this course. During the semester, we will attempt to explore and understand the social, political and economic relations between China and West Asian (Middle East) countries.

You will find the draft version of the course syllabus at the following homepage:

For the next week, (Week 1) you should read the following articles before the class:

Yitzhak Shichor. The Middle East in China's Foreign Policy, 1949-1977

China looks to bolster its Middle East reach - Inside Story

Rising superpower: Why are Middle Eastern leaders coming to China?

NEWSPAPER ARTICLE PRESENTATION: Please bring RECENT newspaper articles. Articles SHOULD BE related with China and Iran . Other subjects will not be accepted. PLEASE VERY BRIEFLY SUMMARIZE YOUR ARTICLE IN THE CLASS!

I need a print copy (First page) of your article, and please include your full name on it. 

If you have any questions or concerns, please do not hesitate to contact me. 

Best to all,

Tugrul Keskin

Friday, December 8, 2017

4th China and The Middle East Conference - Nevsehir Haci Bektas Veli University Cappadocia - TURKEY - June 20-22, 2018

Call for papers:
4th China and The Middle East Conference: 
China and West Asia: Economic Development; and Social and Political Cooperation 
Nevsehir Haci Bektas Veli University
Cappadocia - TURKEY 
June 20-22, 2018

Organized by 


Description and Objectives: 
Over the last two years, with the One Belt One Road initiative, we have seen the increase of Chinese political and social activities in the Middle East region. As a result of this new political strategy, the PRC started to play a more active role within the Middle Eastern political arena. Hence, Xi Jinping visited Pakistan, Iran, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia. Additionally, Chinese social and cultural activities began to appear more visibly within universities and educational institutions in the Middle East. Hanban Institutes started to open and finance Confucius Institutes in the region that facilitate Chinese cultural and language classes and promote mutual understanding between China and the Middle East. For example, these institutes have arisen in Turkey, Israel, Iran, Lebanon, Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Jordan, UAE, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Morocco. China has also become one of the largest economic and trade partners with Middle Eastern states such as Iran, Turkey, Pakistan, Egypt, and Israel. Therefore, we would like to make this academic initiative a permanent conference meeting, and each year, we will organize a China and the Middle East Conference in different countries in collaboration with other universities. We organized three very successful academic conferences on this topic in collaboration with Beijing University, on March 17-18, 2015, Qatar University, on March 23-24, 2016 and Shanghai University, on June 7-8, 2017 
This year we have expanded the conference topic to the broader context of West Asia and Central Asia. All submissions should be related to contemporary themes of global studies, sociology, economics, political science, international relations, history and anthropology.

We therefore invite submissions on the following and related topics:

The Making of Middle East 
Modern Middle East and Modern China
China’s Foreign Policy Toward Middle East/West Asia
Society and Culture
Economic Integration 
The Belt and Road Initiative

Nevsehir Haci Bektas Veli University, Shanghai University and Cappadocia University (Co-Sponsored) invite interested scholars and advanced graduate students to submit proposals for the conference below. The event will take place at Nevsehir Haci Bektas Veli University, June 20 - 22, 2018. Please submit your proposal to Dr. Tugrul Keskin ( by APRIL 16, 2018. We acknowledge receipt of all emails and will reply to all. If you do not receive a reply, please resend your abstract. 

Please include the following in your email:

-Author full name;
-Email address;
-Abstract in Word format (200 to 300 words);
-Title of your paper
-A short BIO (NOT A CV)

Acceptance notices will be sent by April 20, 2018.

In case your abstract is accepted, a draft paper of around 4000 words is due two weeks prior to the beginning of the conference. We intend to compile an edited volume with the best papers for publication in an international reference publisher.

There is no fee for this conference. PLEASE NOTE THAT WE WILL COVER YOUR ACCOMMODATIONS (5 nights: June 19, 20, 21, 22 and 23, 2018) AND FOOD DURING YOUR STAY IN CAPPADOCIA.

Please note that this is an academic conference only, no non-academic presenters will be accepted. 

Any additional queries should be sent to

Organizing Committee:
  • Dr. Mazhar Bagli, President, Nevsehir Haci Bektas Veli University.
  • Dr. Guo Changgang, Professor - Shanghai University, China. 
  • Dr. Hasan Ali Karasar, President - Cappadocia University.
  • Dr. Ertan Ozensel, Vice President - Nevsehir Haci Bektas Veli University.
  • Dr. Mohammedmoin Sadeq, Professor - Qatar University, Qatar. 
  • Dr. Gokhan Bozbas, Assistant Professor – Necmettin Erbakan University
  • Dr. Fatih Kaleci, Assistant Professor – Necmettin Erbakan University
  • Dr. M. Cüneyt Özşahin, Assistant Professor – Necmettin Erbakan University
  • Dr. Chen Hao, Assistant Professor – Shanghai University, China. 
  • Dr. Tugrul Keskin, Associate Professor - Shanghai University, China. 
  • Dr. Mark Juergensmeyer, Professor - University of California at Santa Barbara, USA. 
  • Dr. Tarik Yousef, Senior Fellow and Director, Brookings Doha Center, Qatar. 
  • Dr. Sean Foley, Associate Professor - Middle Tennessee State University, USA. 
  • Dr. Mojtaba Mahdavi, Associate Professor - University of Alberta, Canada. 
  • Dr. Nissim Otmazgin, Professor – The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.  
  • Dr. Juan Cole, Professor - University of Michigan, USA. 
  • Dr. Yunus Emre, Associate Professor – Kultur University, Turkey. 
  • Dr. Geoffrey Gresh, National Defense University, USA. 
  • Dr. Yang Chen, Post-Doctoral Fellow - Shanghai University, China. 

Conference Program

June 20, 2018

9:15 - 9:30 Welcome Speech and Introduction by the president of Nevsehir Haci Bektas Veli University

9:30 - 9:50 Keynote Speech by ALEV ALATLI

  1. Panel 1: 10:00 – 11:45

12:00-13:00 PM Lunch

  1. Panel 2: 13:15-15:00 

  1. Panel 3: 15:15-17:00

DINNER 18:00 - 20:00

June 21, 2018

  1. Panel 4: 10:00 – 12:00

12:15-13:15 PM Lunch

  1. Panel 5: 13:30 – 15:30
  1. Discussion for future projects and Closing Remarks by TBA 16:00 – 17:00


June 22, 2018


Edward Said Lecture Series - Political Islam in Central Asia - Islam in Central Asia and China - Shanghai University December 18, 2017

Thursday, December 7, 2017

Call for papers: First Turkish-Chinese Academic Forum - March 27, 2018 Istanbul

First Turkish-Chinese Academic Forum
March 21, 2018

Dear all, 

In collaboration with Dogus University (Istanbul, Turkey), the first Turkish- Chinese Academic Forum will take place on March 27, 2018. 
In this forum, we will focus on social, economic and political subjects concerning Turkey and China. The forum will have the following three panels: 

First Panel: The language of the panel will be Turkish and its subject will be social, economic and political issues between Turkey and China.

Second Panel: The language of the panel is Chinese and its subject is related with Chinese language teaching in Turkey and Turkish language teaching in China. 

Third Panel: The language of the panel is English and it focuses on social, political and economic issues between China and Turkey. 

If you are interested in participating in this forum, please email me the following information:

Title of your paper
Short abstract (250-300 words)
Short bio (NOT CV)

All academics, especially advanced graduate students are encouraged to apply!
This is a purely academic forum; therefore, non-academics should not apply to participate in this conference. 

If you have any further questions, please do not hesitate to contact me directly.

The forum is organized and co-sponsored by the Center for Turkish Studies at Shanghai University; and organized and hosted by Dogus University (Istanbul). 

Professor Sami Sener, chair-Sociology Department, Dogus University
Professor Guo Changgang, Shanghai University 
Associate Professor Tugrul Keskin, Shanghai University
Assistant professor Yang Chen, Shanghai University
Ms. Linlin Liu

Sunday, December 3, 2017

A New Course: China and The Middle East - International Relations and Diplomacy - Shanghai University Winter 2017-18

 China and The Middle East
Thursday 13:00 – 16:30

Instructor: Tugrul Keskin                   
Office: East Campus, College of Liberal Arts, 4th Floor                  
Cell: 86+15000-465734
Office Hours: Tuesday 1:00 – 4:00 PM or by appointment

It doesn't matter if a cat is black or white, so long as it catches mice.
Deng Xiaoping
Course Description and Objective:
This course will review and analyze the increased presence of PRC in the Contemporary Middle East. After the Deng Xiaoping came to power, he liberalized the Chinese state and economy. As a result of his economic policies, the PRC opened its doors to foreign investment and international companies. This trend created a “great transformation in Chinese society.”  Over the next thirty years, the Chinese middle class grew to a size of over three hundred fifty million people. David Harvey calls this process “neoliberalism with Chinese characteristics.” However, this economic transformation and the emergence of a large middle class in China created additional energy needs for the state and society. This led to a shift in Chinese foreign policy towards the Middle East. Therefore, over the last few years China, as an emerging global power, has heavily invested in the economies of Middle Eastern countries. However there are other competitors in the Middle Eastern economic market; such as the United States and Europe. Although the Middle East is considered an American backyard, China is currently trying to enter the Middle Eastern market for its own energy and security needs. However, unlike in Africa, China has moved slowly in order not to disturb American National Interests. China is consequently sneaking into the Middle Eastern oil market without too much attention to this trend. In this class, we will review how the growing needs for oil and gas of the Chinese economy has shaped Chinese foreign policy in the Middle East after 1978.

The course objectives are 1) to acquaint students with both traditional and contemporary literature and research on Chinese Foreign Policy toward Middle East and 2) to introduce students to the historical and ideological basis of Classical and Contemporary Chinese and Middle East relations

Required Books:
This course will use sections from the following books and articles:
  • Yitzhak Shichor. The Middle East in China's Foreign Policy, 1949-1977. Cambrdige University Pess, 1979.
  • Olimat, Muhamad S. China and the Middle East. From Silk Road to Arab Spring. New York: Routledge, 2013.
·       Keskin Tugrul and Christian Braun. When a Sleeping Giant Wakes – A Neoclassical Realist Analysis of China’s Expanding Ties in the Middle East. Sociology of Islam 4 (2016) 1-26.     

Recommended Readings:
  • Jon B. Alterman and John W. Garver. The Vital Triangle: China, The United States and the Middle East. CSIS, 2008.
  • Scott Harold and Alireza Nader. China and Iran E conomic, Political, and Military Relations. RAND, 2012.
  • James Chen. The Emergence of China in the Middle East. Strategic Forum National Defense University, 2011: SF No. 271 1.
  • Henry Kissinger. On China. New York, NY: Penguin Books, 2011. 
Recommended Books:
  • Kemp, Geoffrey. The East Moves West: India, China and Asia’s Growing Presence in the Middle East. Washington: Brookings, 2012.
  • Olimat, Muhamad S. China and the Middle East. From Silk Road to Arab Spring. New York: Routledge, 2013.
  • Simpfendorfer, Ben. The New Silk Road: How a Rising Arab World is Turning Away from the West and Rediscovering China. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.
  • MacFarquhar R. The Politics of China: The Eras of Mao and Deng. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press; 1997.
 Recommended Articles:
  • Antonov, Ivan. "China's Growing Role In International Affairs." International Affairs: A Russian Journal Of World Politics, Diplomacy & International Relations 57.4 (2011): 27-31.
  • Jin Liangxiang. Energy First China and the Middle East. Middle East Quarterly Spring 2005, pp. 3-10.
  • Huiyun, Tang. "China's Soft Power Construction Policy." Journal Of US-China Public Administration 9.5 (2012): 563-569.
  • Pantucci, Raffaello, and Alexandros Petersen. "China's Inadvertent Empire." National Interest 122 (2012): 30-39.
  • Rozman, Gilbert. "Invocations Of Chinese Traditions In International Relations." Journal Of Chinese Political Science 17.2 (2012): 111-124.
  • Xiao, Ren, and Gordon Cheung. "Sources And Transitions Of Chinese Foreign Policy: An Introduction." East Asia: An International Quarterly 28.3 (2011): 169-174.
  • Demır, İdris. "Revival Of The Silk Road In Terms Of Energy Trade." University Of Gaziantep Journal Of Social Sciences 9.3 (2010): 513-532.
  • Gee, John. "China's Challenges In The Middle East." Washington Report On Middle East Affairs 30.8 (2011): 30-31.
  • Menon, Raja. "The East Moves West, India, China, And Asia's Growing Presence In The Middle East." Maritime Affairs: Journal Of The National Maritime Foundation Of India 7.1 (2011): 121-128.
  • Peerenboom, Randall. "China And The Revolutions In The Middle East And North Africa." Middle Eastern Law & Governance 3.1/2 (2011): 192-203.
  • Pham, J. Peter. "China's “Surge” In The Middle East And Its Implications For U.S. Interests." American Foreign Policy Interests 31.3 (2009): 177-193.
  • Zambelis, Chris, and Brandon Gentry. "China Through Arab Eyes: American Influence In The Middle East." Parameters: U.S. Army War College 38.1 (2008): 60-72.
  • Harris, Stuart. "Global And Regional Orders And The Changing Geopolitics Of Energy." Australian Journal Of International Affairs 64.2 (2010): 166-185.
  • Hayoun, Massoud. "Strange Bedfellows." World Affairs 175.5 (2013): 89-96.
  • Olimat, Muhamad. "The Political Economy Of The Sino-Middle Eastern Relations." Journal Of Chinese Political Science 15.3 (2010): 307-335.
  • Gvosdev, Nikolas. "Don't Count China Out In Middle East." World Politics Review (2012): 1.
  • Gardels, Nathan. "It's Time For China To Start Shaping The New Global System." NPQ: New Perspectives Quarterly 28.3 (2011): 2-5.
  • Hulbert, Matthew. "Shifting Global Balance Heralds New Energy Imperatives." Middle East 438 (2012): 32-36.
Newspaper Articles:
  • Davis, Rowenna. "China Is Now Challenging The U.S. In The Middle East.." CCPA Monitor 16.3 (2009): 10-11.
  • Ford, Peter. "Libya unrest tests China's interests in the Middle East." Christian Science Monitor 02 Mar. 2011: N.PAG.
  • Spegele, Brian, and Matt Bradley. "Egypt's Morsi Firms Up Ties to China." Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition 29 Aug. 2012:
  • Topol, Sarah A., and Peter Ford. "Q&A: Why China has become the Middle East's favorite customer." Christian Science Monitor 13 July 2010: N.PAG.
  • Ian Bremmer. China's fast-growing Middle East problem. The Economist. Tuesday, March 13, 2012
  • Brian Spegele And Jeremy Page. China to Shake Up Foreign-Policy Leadership. The Wall Street Journal. March 10, 2013.
·      Willy Lam. Meet China’s New Foreign-Policy Team Is Beijing using its latest appointments to send a message to Washington? Foreign Policy. March 8, 2013.
·      China's Foreign Policy:
·      Tania Branigan. China's foreign policy is playing catch-up with its new status.     The Guardian, Thursday 22 March 2012.
·      Council On Foreign Relations:    

Documentaries and Movies:   
·      China's Role in the Middle East: Pan Guang
·      China and the Middle East: Rising Power and a Region in Turmoil
·      Western Approaches: Responses to China from the Middle East and Central Asia.
  • Roberts: USA vs China in the Middle East
·      China's role in the Middle East
·      Journeys Into Islamic China - Huda Documentary
·      Muslim in China - Part 1
Recommended Websites and Embassies:
·      Principles of China's Foreign Policy

Course Philosophy:
The goal of this course is to enable students to write a theoretically guided and empirically rooted research paper.  I expect you to become familiar with the social, political and economic underpinnings of transformations in the Modern China.

The success of this course depends on your continued and sustained reading and participation. The course will be based on a four-dimensional method of learning, and this includes inquiry and critical thinking; communication; the diversity of human experience; and ethics and social responsibility. First, I would like you to critically analyze what you learn in this class or have learned so far through the media and education, because in today’s world, truth is a relative concept. Throughout human history, critical thinking is the one of the most important factors that has contributed to human development.  In order to become active, self-motivated, empowered learners and future leaders, you will need to have the ability to think critically, and therefore your criticism, feedback and suggestions are necessary. Second, I would like you to enhance your writing and oral communication skills in this course. Therefore, it is important to clearly elaborate your arguments in the class discussion as well as in the written assignments.
Third, we are each part of the human mosaic, and all have different experiences based on our social, political and economic differences. We can all learn from and respect each other and benefit from our diversity. Please try to learn from and understand those with different perspectives than you. Lastly, we need to learn that we are all part of this intellectual community and larger society, and all have social and ethical responsibilities to our family, community, classmates, and humanity. We live in a globalized world and therefore, we need to be aware of events in our community, and the world today. In order to enhance our knowledge, we must critically examine our social, political and economic environment in order to apply this knowledge to our experience.

Course Requirements

To prevent confusion later, please read the following information:

Grades: Your grade for this course will be based on your performance on the following components, shown below with their dates and respective weights.

Item                                                                                                    Weight (%)

Quizzes (4)                                                                                                      32.0
Short Analytical Paper                                                                        20.0
Final Paper                                                                                                      30.0
Class Participation/Attendance                                                                        10.0
Newspaper Articles                                                                                         8.0

Quizzes: You will have 4 quizzes. The quizzes will have 16 questions from each week’s class readings and discussions. Each Quiz is worth 8 points and each question is worth 0.5 point. You will find the schedule of quizzes below. Please carefully review the quiz schedule. If you have schedule conflict, drop the class. If you have any questions or concerns, please do not hesitate to contact me directly.      

Final Paper and Analytical Paper: Please understand that this requirement involves a two-step process. You will select a global issue and write a critical analysis about this issue related with China and the Middle East. It should be at least 4000 words and you must provide a word count at the end of your paper. Everyone will select a different topic. Your selection must be approved and registered by me; therefore, you must contact me directly regarding your topic selection. The deadline for selecting/registering your topic is Sunday, the 5th week of the class. The Final Paper is due on Sunday, the last week of school. Late submissions will not be accepted.

  1. Analytical Paper: In the first part of this assignment, you will select a topic related with China and the Middle East. You will write a proposal/abstract (at least 500 words) for your research, describing the contents of your paper and sources (books, articles and newspaper articles – this should include at least 10 different sources) and will send it to me by email on Sunday, the 5th week of the course. You need to email me your analytical paper and it should be in MS Word Document. In this step of your assignment, you need to demonstrate a clear focus (time and geography – very specific) and a CLEAR RESEARCH QUESTION! If you are late, you lose 10 points. DO NOT FORGET, YOUR PROPOSAL MUST BE APPROVED BY THE INSTRUCTOR BY SUNDAY MIDNIGHT; THEREFORE, DO NOT EXPECT FROM ME TO APPROVE YOUR PROPOSAL AT 11 PM SUNDAY NIGHT! You need to email your proposal or come and talk to me before Sunday!

  1. Final Paper: In the second part of your assignment, after I have accepted your proposal, you will start writing your paper based on the described contents, references and research question you provided in the analytical paper. You will submit your final paper by email on Friday, the last week of the semester. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate contact me directly! Your final paper should be at least 4000 words in length, excluding bibliography and references. If you are late, you lose 10 points.              

Attendance: Regular attendance is one of the most important parameters to successful completion of the course requirements. If you miss more than 4 classes, you will not receive an attendance grade.  Excuses will not be permitted for any reason.

Class Participation: Each student must read the course materials before they attend class and I expect them to participate in class discussion. Class participation in the form of informed questions and comments will be taken into consideration when determining your final grade. Additionally, the class participation grade also depends on class attendance.

Newspaper Articles: During the semester, you can bring 8 newspaper articles related with our class subjects. You cannot bring more than one article in the same week. You will have to summarize these articles in class and will find the recommended newspapers listed on, under the external links section. Newspaper articles sent by email will not be accepted. Please bring it to class, the first page of the printed/hard copy of the article. You can only bring an article from the selected newspapers, posted on http://internationalstudiesandsociology.blogspot and you will find them under links section. Some of the recommended newspapers are The Guardian, Al-Jazeera,, Financial Times, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Pravda, Haaretz, China Daily, and the Economist.

Coming late to class: Late comers will not be accepted to class, so be on time. If you are late for a class, please do not disturb your classmates and me and do not come at all. Please also do not send an email or call me regarding your class attendance. If there is a medical need, bring an official letter from a doctor. Whatever the reason is, if you cannot come to class, this is your responsibility. If you miss more than 4 classes, you will not receive an attendance grade.

Laptop and cell phone policy: No laptops or cell phones will be allowed in this class. Please turn your cell phone off before you come to class. If you use the Internet/laptop or your cell phone during class, you will be asked to leave.

  • Why a leading professor of new media just banned technology use in class
  • Why you should take notes by hand — not on a laptop
  • To Remember a Lecture Better, Take Notes by Hand

Responsibility: You and/or your parents pay tuition for this class; therefore, you have responsibility to yourself and/or your parents. Passing or failing the class is not the main objective, rather that you learn and improve your knowledge. Please read and try to understand the main concepts of this class. If you are having difficulty, please do not hesitate to see me and discuss your concerns!

Each year, millions of people graduate from Chinese, American or global universities (see As you will see from the statistics, the job market is very competitive; therefore, students need to improve their knowledge, skill, and experience in order to find a job they want. Learning is a lifelong process. An academic institution like Shanghai University will provide you with an educational discipline and methodology; everything else is up to you. You should study and improve your skills, in order to compete with the rest of the graduates. While you are in the program, you should apply for internships to obtain relevant experiences before you graduate. Therefore, if you need a letter of recommendation for an internship or job, please do not hesitate to ask me, if you receive at least an A, A- or B+ grade from my class. Please also remember that an undergraduate degree might not be enough to find the job you want; therefore, you might need to apply to graduate school. In order to apply to graduate school, you will also need to have a letter of recommendation. I am also happy to advise you on graduate school or provide a letter of recommendation if you receive an A, A- or B+ grade. 

No Laptops and cell phones will be allowed in this class.

Course Timeline


·       Overview of the syllabus

Yitzhak Shichor. The Middle East in China's Foreign Policy, 1949-1977
·       Introduction 1
·       1 China's encounter with the Middle East 9


Yitzhak Shichor. The Middle East in China's Foreign Policy, 1949-1977
·       2 Sino-Arab peaceful co-existence 37
·       3 The struggle against imperialism 70


QUIZ – 1

Yitzhak Shichor. The Middle East in China's Foreign Policy, 1949-1977
·       4 The struggle against imperialism and revisionism 106
·       5 The struggle against social imperialism 145
·       Conclusion 189


·       Keskin Tugrul and Christian Braun. When a Sleeping Giant Wakes – A Neoclassical Realist Analysis of China’s Expanding Ties in the Middle East. Sociology of Islam 4 (2016) 1-26.
·       Lillian Craig Harris. China's Relations with the PLO. Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 7, No. 1 (Autumn, 1977), pp. 123-154
·       Chaoling Feng. Embracing Interdependence: The Dynamics of China and the Middle East. Brookings Doha Center. Policy Briefing April 2015  
·       Stig Stenslie. China debates its future role in the Middle East. Noref expert Analysis – May 2014


·       Mohammed Turki al-Sudairi. Israel-Sino Relations through the Prism of Advocacy Groups. Number 8: November 2013.
·       Yiyi Chen. China’s Relationship with Israel, Opportunities and Challenges: Perspectives from China. Israel Studies, volume 17 number 3.
·       Aron Shai. China and Israel Relations and Future Prospects. ASPJ Africa & Francophonie - 2nd Quarter 2014.

Analytical Paper: In the first part of this assignment, you will select a topic related with China and the Middle East. You will write a proposal/abstract (at least 500 words) for your research, describing the contents of your paper and sources (books, articles and newspaper articles – this should include at least 10 different sources) and will send it to me by email on Sunday, the 5th week of the course. You need to email me your analytical paper and it should be in MS Word Document. In this step of your assignment, you need to demonstrate a clear focus (time and geography – very specific) and a CLEAR RESEARCH QUESTION! If you are late, you lose 10 points.  Due date is Sunday          


QUIZ – 2

·       Political Conflict to Economic Cooperation: Sino-Turkish Relations in the Context of New Era Michael McCall and Tugrul Keskin
·       Sino-Turkish Strategic Economic Relationship in New Era by Zhiqiang Zou
·       “Turkey Dream” and the China-Turkish Cooperation under “One Belt and One Road” Initiative by ZAN Tao


·       John W. Garver. China and Iran: An Emerging Partnership Post- Sanctions. MEI Policy Focus 2016-3.
·       Mohiaddin Mesbahi and Mohammad Homayounvash. China and the International Non-Proliferation Regime: The Case of Iran. Sociology of Islam 4 (2016) 73-92


QUIZ – 3

·       YAO Kuangyi1. China-Arab States Cooperation Forum in the Last Decade. Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies (in Asia) Vol. 8, No. 4, 2014.
·       Guy Burton. Explaining Beijing’s Shift from Active to Passive Engagement in Relation to the Arab-Israeli Conflict. Sociology of Islam 4 (2016) 93-112.
·       Emma Scott. China Goes Global in Egypt: A Special Economic Zone in Suez. Stellenbosch | August 2013 2/2013.


·       Mohammed Turki Al-Sudairi. Sino-Saudi Relations: An Economic History. GRC GULF PAPERS August 2012.
·       Sean Foley. Seek Knowledge Even If It Takes You to China (Via Washington) Saudi Arabia and China in the Twenty-First Century. Sociology of Islam 4 (2016) 166-188.
·       Geoffrey F. Gresh. The Gulf Looks East Sino-Arab Relations in an Age of Instability. Sociology of Islam 4 (2016) 149-165


QUIZ – 4

·       Massoud Hayoun. Strange Bedfellows: China's Middle Eastern Inroads. World Affairs, Vol. 175, No. 5 (JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2013), pp. 89-96.
·       Juan R. I. Cole. Chinese Soft Power and Green Energy Investment in the Greater Middle East. Sociology of Islam 4 (2016) 59-72